Welcome to the comprehensive medical library of Anniston General Surgery Center. The information shared below is provided to you as an educational and informational source only and is not intended to replace a medical examination or consultation, or medical advice given to you by a physician or medical professional.

If you have any questions or concerns regarding any condition or treatment, please contact Anniston General Surgery Center. To schedule an appointment please call 256-Anniston General Surgery Center (240-9660) or use our online Request an Appointment form.

Anniston General Surgery Center - Health Education Library

Welcome to the comprehensive medical library of Anniston General Surgery Center. The information shared below is provided to you as an educational and informational source only and is not intended to replace a medical examination or consultation, or medical advice given to you by a physician or medical professional.

If you have any questions or concerns regarding any condition or treatment, please contact Anniston General Surgery Center. To schedule an appointment please call 256-Anniston General Surgery Center (240-9660) or use our online Request an Appointment form.

Common Thyroid ProblemsTiroides: Problemas comunes

Common Thyroid Problems

Hypothyroidism

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When you have hypothyroidism, your thyroid gland doesn't produce enough hormone. The most common cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto's thyroiditis. In this condition, the body's immune system mistakes the thyroid gland for something it needs to attack. Hypothyroidism may also occur if there's not enough iodine available for the thyroid to make hormone, if there are problems with the pituitary gland, or if the thyroid gland is removed.

Common Symptoms

  • Low energy, fatigue, depression

  • Feeling cold

  • Muscle pain

  • Slowed thinking

  • Constipation

  • Longer, heavier menstrual periods

  • Weight gain

  • Dry and brittle skin, hair, nails

Hyperthyroidism

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With hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland produces too much hormone. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves' disease, a problem where the body's immune system overstimulates the thyroid. Graves' disease sometimes causes the eyes to look like they're bulging (exophthalmos). A nodule in your thyroid gland can cause hyperthyroidism if the cells in the nodule produce more hormone than the rest of the gland.

Common Symptoms

  • Shaking, nervousness, irritability

  • Feeling hot

  • A rapid, irregular heartbeat

  • Muscle weakness, fatigue

  • More frequent bowel movements

  • Shorter, lighter menstrual periods

  • Weight loss

  • Hair loss

Nodules

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Nodules are lumps of tissue in the thyroid gland. Usually, the cause of nodules isn't known, but they may be more common in people who've had therapeutic radiation to the head or neck. Most of the time, nodules don't affect the production of thyroid hormone and cause no symptoms. Sometimes they can be felt on the outside. Most nodules are benign (noncancerous), but occasionally a nodule may be cancerous.

What Is a Goiter?

A goiter is the enlargement of the thyroid gland. When the gland enlarges, you may see or feel a swelling on your neck. A goiter may develop in a person with hypothyroidism.

Publication Source: American Thyroid Association

Publication Source: Toronto General Hospital

Online Source: American Thyroid Association

Online Source: Toronto General Hospital

Date Last Reviewed: 2007-01-15T00:00:00-07:00

Date Last Modified: 2002-07-09T00:00:00-06:00