Welcome to the comprehensive medical library of Anniston General Surgery Center. The information shared below is provided to you as an educational and informational source only and is not intended to replace a medical examination or consultation, or medical advice given to you by a physician or medical professional.

If you have any questions or concerns regarding any condition or treatment, please contact Anniston General Surgery Center. To schedule an appointment please call 256-Anniston General Surgery Center (240-9660) or use our online Request an Appointment form.

Anniston General Surgery Center - Health Education Library

Welcome to the comprehensive medical library of Anniston General Surgery Center. The information shared below is provided to you as an educational and informational source only and is not intended to replace a medical examination or consultation, or medical advice given to you by a physician or medical professional.

If you have any questions or concerns regarding any condition or treatment, please contact Anniston General Surgery Center. To schedule an appointment please call 256-Anniston General Surgery Center (240-9660) or use our online Request an Appointment form.

Understanding HyperparathyroidismEn que consiste el hiperparatiroidismo

Understanding Hyperparathyroidism

The parathyroid glands are four tiny glands located in the neck. These glands control the level of calcium in the blood. If one or more of the glands is too active, it can cause a high blood calcium level. This is called hyperparathyroidism. Hyperparathyroidism can lead to serious health problems throughout the body, but it can be treated.

Normal parathyroid glands
What Causes Hyperparathyroidism?

Hyperparathyroidism most often occurs when one parathyroid gland becomes enlarged. This is almost always because of a benign (noncancerous) growth called an adenoma. In some cases, more than one parathyroid gland becomes enlarged.

Risk Factors for Hyperparathyroidism

The risk of hyperparathyroidism increases with age. It is also more common in women than men. Other risk factors for hyperparathyroidism include:

  • Having parents or siblings with hyperparathyroidism

  • Getting too little vitamin D in the diet

  • Having certain kidney problems

  • Taking certain medications

  • Having had radiation to the head or neck

    Enlarged parathyroid gland

When You Have Hyperparathyroidism

With hyperparathyroidism, your glands make too much parathyroid hormone (PTH). This is a chemical that tells the body how to control calcium. Too much PTH means the body increases the level of calcium in the blood. This causes a condition called hypercalcemia (an above-normal level of blood calcium). Hypercalcemia can lead to problems throughout the body.

Symptoms of Hyperparathyroidism

  • Muscle weakness

  • Depression

  • Tiredness

  • Poor memory

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Pain in the stomach area (abdomen)

  • Hard stools (constipation)

  • Stomach ulcers

  • Needing to urinate often

  • Kidney stones

  • Joint or bone pain

  • Bone disease (osteopenia or osteoporosis)

What You Can Do

If hyperparathyroidism is not treated, it may get worse over time. Treatment is surgery to remove any enlarged parathyroid glands. This helps restore the level of calcium in the blood to normal. Your doctor will discuss your condition with you and explain the risks and benefits of surgery.

 

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